A1 Journal article (refereed)
Effective Recovery Process of Copper from Waste Printed Circuit Boards Utilizing Recycling of Leachate (2021)

Rajahalme, J., Perämäki, S., Budhathoki, R., & Väisänen, A. (2021). Effective Recovery Process of Copper from Waste Printed Circuit Boards Utilizing Recycling of Leachate. JOM, 73(4), 980-987. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-020-04510-z

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Rajahalme, Joona; Perämäki, Siiri; Budhathoki, Roshan; Väisänen, Ari

Journal or series: JOM

ISSN: 1047-4838

eISSN: 1543-1851

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 21/12/2020

Volume: 73

Issue number: 4

Pages range: 980-987

Publisher: Springer

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-020-04510-z

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73508


This study presents an optimized leaching and electrowinning process for the recovery of copper from waste printed circuit boards including studies of chemical consumption and recirculation of leachate. Optimization of leaching was performed using response surface methodology in diluted sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide media. Optimum leaching conditions for copper were found by using 3.6 mol L−1 sulfuric acid, 6 vol.% hydrogen peroxide, pulp density of 75 g L−1 with 186 min leaching time at 20°C resulting in complete leaching of copper followed by over 92% recovery and purity of 99.9% in the electrowinning. Study of chemical consumption showed total decomposition of hydrogen peroxide during leaching, while changes in sulfuric acid concentration were minor. During recirculation of the leachate with up to 5 cycles, copper recovery and product purity remained at high levels while acid consumption was reduced by 60%.

Keywords: copper; recovery (recapture); waste electronic and electrical equipment; circuit boards; dissolution (active); sulphuric acid; hydrogen peroxide

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 15:03