A1 Journal article (refereed)
Developing E-Authentication for E-Assessment : Diversity of Students Testing the System in Higher Education (2020)

Uotinen, S., Ladonlahti, T., & Laamanen, M. (2020). Developing E-Authentication for E-Assessment : Diversity of Students Testing the System in Higher Education. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 23(2), 99-115. https://doi.org/10.2478/eurodl-2020-0013

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsUotinen, Sanna; Ladonlahti, Tarja; Laamanen, Merja

Journal or seriesEuropean Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning


Publication year2020

Publication date01/01/2021


Issue number2

Pages range99-115


Publication countryPoland

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73639


E-authentication is one of the key topics in the field of online education and e-assessment. This study was aimed at investigating the user experiences of students with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) while developing the accessible e-authentication system for higher education institutions. Altogether, 15 students tested the system (including instruments for face recognition, voice recognition, keystroke dynamics, text style analysis and anti-plagiarism), developed as part of the TeSLA project. Students also completed pre-questionnaires and postquestionnaires and attended individual interviews. The findings reveal positive expectations and experiences of e-authentication. Students believed that the e-authentication system increased trust and, thus, diversified their possibilities for studying online. Students found some challenges and emphasized that the e-authentication system should be reliable and easy to use. The possibility to use different kinds of instruments was perceived as an important feature. Students’ willingness to use these instruments and share their personal data for e-authentication varied due to their disabilities or individual preferences. The results suggest that students should have options for what kind of e-authentication they use.

Keywordselectronic identificationhigher education (teaching)online teachingonline learningaccessibilityuser experiencelearners with special needs

Free keywordse-authentication; e-assessment; special educational needs and disabilities (SEND); higher education; accessibility; TeSLA system

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2020

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 20:26