A1 Journal article (refereed)
Longitudinal Patterns of Ethical Organisational Culture as a Context for Leaders’ Well-Being : Cumulative Effects Over 6 Years (2022)

Huhtala, M., Kaptein, M., Muotka, J., & Feldt, T. (2022). Longitudinal Patterns of Ethical Organisational Culture as a Context for Leaders’ Well-Being : Cumulative Effects Over 6 Years. Journal of Business Ethics, 177(2), 421-442. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-021-04744-0

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsHuhtala, Mari; Kaptein, Muel; Muotka, Joona; Feldt, Taru

Journal or seriesJournal of Business Ethics



Publication year2022

Publication date02/02/2021


Issue number2

Pages range421-442


Publication countryNetherlands

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74014


The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the temporal dynamics of ethical organisational culture and how it associates with well-being at work when potential changes in ethical culture are measured over an extended period of 6 years. We used a person-centred study design, which allowed us to detect both typical and atypical patterns of ethical culture stability as well as change among a sample of leaders. Based on latent profile analysis and hierarchical linear modelling we found longitudinal, concurrent relations and cumulative gain and loss cycles between different ethical culture patterns and leaders’ well-being. Leaders in the strongest ethical culture pattern experienced the highest level of work engagement and a decreasing level of ethical dilemmas and stress. Leaders who gave the lowest ratings on ethical culture which also decreased over time reported the highest level of ethical dilemmas, stress, and burnout. They also showed a continuous increase in these negative outcomes over time. Thus, ethical culture has significant cumulative effects on well-being, and these longitudinal effects can be both negative and positive, depending on the experienced strength of the culture’s ethicality.

Keywordsorganisational cultureethicalitymanagers and executiveswell-being at workexhaustioncommitting oneselflongitudinal research

Free keywordsethical culture; longitudinal patterns; ethical strain; burnout; work engagement; leaders

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Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-30-04 at 18:15