A1 Journal article (refereed)
Application of the trans-contextual model to predict change in leisure time physical activity (2022)

Kalajas-Tilga, H., Hein, V., Koka, A., Tilga, H., Raudsepp, L., & Hagger, M. S. (2022). Application of the trans-contextual model to predict change in leisure time physical activity. Psychology and Health, 37(1), 62-86. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2020.1869741

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsKalajas-Tilga, Hanna; Hein, Vello; Koka, Andre; Tilga, Henri; Raudsepp, Lennart; Hagger, Martin S.

Journal or seriesPsychology and Health



Publication year2022


Issue number1

Pages range62-86


Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79530


Objective: This study tested effects of changes in the psychological constructs of the trans-contextual model (TCM) on changes in adolescents' outside of school moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (PA) measured using self-report and accelerometer-based device.

Design: A three-wave longitudinal design was used. High school students (N = 331) completed measures of all the TCM constructs at Time1 and at Time2, five weeks apart. Self-reported PA behaviour was measured also at Time3, five weeks after Time2. PA was measured using accelerometer-based devices for seven days following Time1 and Time3 for a census week.

Results: A structural equation model using residual change scores revealed that perceived autonomy support from physical education (PE) teachers positively predicted autonomous motivation in PE. Autonomous motivation in PE positively predicted autonomous motivation in leisure time. Leisure-time autonomous motivation was positively and indirectly related to intention, mediated by attitude and perceived behavioural control. Intention positively predicted self-reported PA, and mediated the effect of autonomous motivation on self-reported PA. There were no effects on outside of school PA measured by accelerometer-based device.

Conclusions: Results provide qualified support for the TCM in the prediction of change in adolescents' leisure-time autonomous motivation, intention, and self-reported PA, but not change in PA measured by accelerometer-based device.

Keywordsyoung peoplehealth behaviourmotivational psychologyautonomy (cognition)physical activityphysical trainingphysical education (upbringing)

Free keywordsphysical education; physical activity; residual change score; trans-contextual model

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-30-04 at 18:15