A1 Journal article (refereed)
Developing a matrix framework for protein transition towards more sustainable diets (2021)

Paloviita, A. (2021). Developing a matrix framework for protein transition towards more sustainable diets. British Food Journal, 123(13), 73-87. https://doi.org/10.1108/bfj-09-2020-0816

The research was funded by Strategic Research Council at the Research Council of Finland.

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsPaloviita, Ari

Journal or seriesBritish Food Journal



Publication year2021

Publication date10/03/2021


Issue number13

Pages range73-87


Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74617


The purpose of this study is to propose a matrix framework to understand the interdependencies of domains and scales of protein transition towards diets based on plants and alternative sources of proteins.

The abductive research approach is used in building the framework, and the proposed framework is illustrated using the regional food system in Central Finland as an example. Focus groups and interviews were used to collect qualitative data from 28 respondents.

This study provides a framework for protein transition, with five domains and five scale levels. Interactions between public and private governance activities at different scales, domains and governed niche and regime levels are discussed. The study shows how micro-level activities at individual or community levels are linked with broader governance activities.

Research limitations/implications
Due to the relatively narrowed set of empirical data, further research is required to test the framework in different regional and cultural settings.

Practical implications
This paper presents a practical illustration of the matrix framework, and considering this, the paper discusses the possible implications of matrix interdependencies for protein transition management.

Social implications
This study proposes that understanding the coevolution of domains and scales, with the help of accurate policies and business models, can lead to effective protein transition.

This study fulfils an identified need to study protein transition in a broader frame, which highlights the structural activity interdependencies between different scale levels and domains.

Keywordsfood systemssustainable developmentproteinsprotein productshigh-protein dietclimate changesfood securityproduction chainsprivate sectorpublic sector

Free keywordsprotein transition; sustainability; domain; scale; food system; governance; niche; regime

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 16:17