A1 Journal article (refereed)
From the shade into the sun : exploring pride and shame in students with special needs in Finnish VET (2022)

Ryökkynen, S., Maunu, A., Pirttimaa, R., & Kontu, E. (2022). From the shade into the sun : exploring pride and shame in students with special needs in Finnish VET. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 37(4), 648-662. https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2021.1940006

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsRyökkynen, Sanna; Maunu, Antti; Pirttimaa, Raija; Kontu, Elina

Journal or seriesEuropean Journal of Special Needs Education



Publication year2022

Publication date08/08/2021


Issue number4

Pages range648-662

PublisherTaylor & Francis

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77303


This paper reports on a study of the dynamics of social emotions and social bonds between students and class teachers by analysing the narratives of students receiving intensive special support in the Finnish vocational education and training (VET) system. Pride refers to a strong and safe involvement in interaction, and shame implies intimidated social bonds. The analysis is based on abductive content analysis for which Greimas’ actant model worked as an analysis tool. We found some students showing high respect to their teachers who acted as senders setting the objects for students’ studying. Pride is based on the students’ experiences in achieving the objects, thereby pleasing their teachers and secondly on their ability to see positive development in their social belonging. The students who experienced feelings of shame did not perceive themselves as being subjects of positive development, but their special needs overshadowed their social relationships. They found it difficult to see approving and benevolent senders and receivers which could be interpreted as an explicit source of shame. The results concern not only individual teachers’ pedagogical practices and ways of interaction, but also the whole VET system which addresses competence and effective individual study paths rather than social belonging and communality.

Keywordsstudentsteacherssocial interactionsocial relationssocial skillsemotionsprideshamevocational education and trainingvocational special educationvocational teachersteacher-pupil relationship

Free keywords vocational education and training; VET; special educational needs; social emotions; social belonging; student voices

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-14-06 at 23:47