"Career, family – or both?" Young women, expectations of work-family reconciliation and sustainable solutions

Main funder

Funds granted by main funder (€)

63 000,00

Project timetable

Project start date: 01/01/2018

Project end date: 31/12/2020


This dissertation is focused on young women’s expectations of work and family and their solutions related to work-family reconciliation. The first aim is to find out whether these expectations and solutions differ between women with various educational backgrounds and life situations. Secondly, the study analyses continuities and discontinuities of expectations from one generation to another by comparing mothers’ and daughters’ perceptions of work and family and combining these life areas. The third aim is to compare young women’s attitudes of gender equality at work and home in Finland, Australia and Japan and analyse how cultural and societal factors are linked to these attitudes. The data collection methods include qualitative interviews with Finnish women (aged 18-25 years old; both individual and focus group interviews) and their mothers (individual interviews). Furthermore, I will utilize quantitative, international database “Family and Changing Gender Roles IV - ISSP 2012”. The contribution of this PhD study is to give information about societal mechanisms regarding to transition to parenthood and work-family reconciliation which might increase inequality. In the complex, aging society where fertility is getting lower, it is important to find out how young women combine work and family life and how work- and family politics steer their decisions. The dissertation research is linked to a researcher workshop “Transition to parenthood in a cross-national perspective: global challenges, future solutions” (2016-2018) and is coordinated by Department of Education in University of Jyväskylä.

Principal Investigator

Primary responsible unit

Fields of science

Last updated on 2020-08-10 at 11:06