A1 Journal article (refereed)
Neural correlates of morphological processing and its development from pre-school to the first grade in children with and without familial risk for dyslexia (2022)

Louleli, N., Hämäläinen, J. A., Nieminen, L., Parviainen, T., & Leppänen, P. H. (2022). Neural correlates of morphological processing and its development from pre-school to the first grade in children with and without familial risk for dyslexia. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 61, Article 101037. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2021.101037

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Louleli, Natalia; Hämäläinen, Jarmo A.; Nieminen, Lea; Parviainen, Tiina; Leppänen, Paavo H.T.

Journal or series: Journal of Neurolinguistics

ISSN: 0911-6044

eISSN: 1873-8052

Publication year: 2022

Volume: 61

Article number: 101037

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2021.101037

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78562


Previous studies have shown that the development of morphological awareness and reading skills are interlinked. However, most have focused on phonological awareness as a risk factor for dyslexia, although there is considerable diversity in the underlying causes of this reading difficulty. Specifically, the relationship between phonology, derivational morphology, and dyslexia in the Finnish language remains unclear. In the present study, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to measure the brain responses to correctly and incorrectly derived Finnish nouns in 34 first grade Finnish children (21 typically developing and 13 with familial risk for dyslexia). In addition, we compared longitudinally the morphological information processing of 27 children (16 typically developing and 11 at-risk for dyslexia) first at pre-school age and then at first grade age. The task consisted of 108 pairs of sentences, including a verb and its root with the derivational suffix/-jA/. Correctly and incorrectly derived forms were presented both as real words and pseudowords. The incorrectly derived nouns contained a morpho-phonological violation in the last vowel of the noun before the derivational suffix. The brain activation of the typically developing children in response to morphological information processing showed sensitivity to the morphologically correct vs. incorrect contrast only in the cases of the real words. Children at-risk for dyslexia showed sensitivity to the morphological information processing both for real words and pseudowords. However, no significant differences between the groups emerged either for the correct vs. incorrect morphological contrast or for the correctly and incorrectly derived forms separately. Interestingly, in our previous study, cluster-based permutation tests showed significant developmental behavioral and brain differences between the children at pre-school age and at first-grade age in the morphological information processing of real words and pseudowords. Our results indicate the important role of derivational morphology in the early phases of learning to read.

Keywords: language development; language awareness; morphology (grammar); cognitive processes; dyslexia; MEG; children (age groups); preschool children (age group); longitudinal research

Free keywords: Derivational morphology; Reading acquisition; Pre-school children; First grade children; Longitudinal; At-risk for dyslexia

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2022-17-06 at 10:59