A1 Journal article (refereed)
Child–educator disagreements in Finnish early childhood education and care : young children’s possibilities for influence (2022)

Salonen, E., Koitto, E., Notko, M., Lahtinen, M., & Sevón, E. (2022). Child–educator disagreements in Finnish early childhood education and care : young children’s possibilities for influence. Early years: an international research journal, Early online. https://doi.org/10.1080/09575146.2022.2051167

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsSalonen, Eija; Koitto, Emma; Notko, Marianne; Lahtinen, Maria; Sevón, Eija

Journal or seriesEarly years: an international research journal



Publication year2022

Publication date31/03/2022

VolumeEarly online

PublisherInforma UK Limited

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/80469


This study explores young children’s possibilities for influence in situations of child–educator disagreement in Finnish early childhood education and care (ECEC). Data were gathered from observations conducted in four ECEC groups of under three year-olds. A total of 112 child–educator disagreements were analysed qualitatively using reflexive thematic analysis. Children’s influence was rather limited in most disagreements, as these involved the established institutional order as manifested in the rules and norms of daily activities and educators’ control over children’s bodies and material resources. However, disagreements over social rules and the ongoing social situation often allowed children to negotiate and contribute to the outcomes. By identifying the difficulties young children may face in resisting the institutional order, the study highlights the importance of developing practices that enable discussion of the settled rules of ECEC and thus regard young children’s right to have their views heard and considered in matters affecting them.

Keywordsearly childhood education and carechildren (age groups)preschoolers (age group)adultsearly childhood education and care teachersday care centresinteractionopinionsconversationinfluenceparticipationchild development

Free keywordschild–educator disagreements; children’s influence; children’s participation; institutional order; young children

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 19:26