A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Retirement as a predictor of physical functioning trajectories among older businessmen (2022)


Haapanen, M. J., Strandberg, T. E., Törmäkangas, T., von Bonsdorff, M. E., Strandberg, A. Y., & von Bonsdorff, M. B. (2022). Retirement as a predictor of physical functioning trajectories among older businessmen. BMC Geriatrics, 22, Article 279. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03001-x


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Haapanen, Markus J.; Strandberg, Timo E.; Törmäkangas, Timo; von Bonsdorff, Monika E.; Strandberg, Arto Y.; von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B.

Lehti tai sarja: BMC Geriatrics

eISSN: 1471-2318

Julkaisuvuosi: 2022

Ilmestymispäivä: 04.04.2022

Volyymi: 22

Artikkelinumero: 279

Kustantaja: Biomed Central

Julkaisumaa: Britannia

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03001-x

Julkaisun avoin saatavuus: Avoimesti saatavilla

Julkaisukanavan avoin saatavuus: Kokonaan avoin julkaisukanava

Julkaisu on rinnakkaistallennettu (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/80553


Tiivistelmä

Background
Associations between retirement characteristics and consequent physical functioning (PF) are poorly understood, particularly in higher socioeconomic groups, where postponing retirement has had both positive and negative implications for PF.

Methods
Multiple assessments of PF, the first of which at the mean age of 73.3 years, were performed on 1709 men who were retired business executives and managers, using the RAND-36/SF-36 instrument, between 2000 and 2010. Questionnaire data on retirement age and type of pension was gathered in 2000. Five distinct PF trajectories were created using latent growth mixture modelling. Mortality- and covariate-adjusted multinomial regression models were used to estimate multinomial Odds Ratios (mOR) on the association between retirement characteristics and PF trajectories.

Results
A one-year increase in retirement age was associated with decreased likelihood of being classified in the ‘consistently low’ (fully adjusted mOR = 0.82; 95%CI = 0.70, 0.97; P = 0.007), ‘intermediate and declining’ (mOR = 0.89; 95%CI = 0.83, 0.96; P = 0.002), and ‘high and declining’ (mOR = 0.92; 95%CI = 0.87, 0.98; P = 0.006) trajectories, relative to the ‘intact’ PF trajectory. Compared to old age pensioners, disability pensioners were more likely to be classified in the ‘consistently low’ (mOR = 23.77; 95% CI 2.13, 265.04; P = 0.010), ‘intermediate and declining’ (mOR = 8.24; 95%CI = 2.58, 26.35; P < 0.001), and ‘high and declining’ (mOR = 2.71; 95%CI = 1.17, 6.28; P = 0.020) PF trajectories, relative to the ‘intact’ PF trajectory.

Conclusions
Among executives and managers, older age at retirement was associated with better trajectories of PF in old age. Compared to old age pensioners, those transitioning into disability and early old age pensions were at risk of having consistently lower PF in old age.


YSO-asiasanat: ikääntyneet; miehet; yrittäjät; eläkkeelle siirtyminen; eläkeikä; fyysinen toimintakyky

Vapaat asiasanat: age at retirement; type of pension; physical functioning


Liittyvät organisaatiot


Hankkeet, joissa julkaisu on tehty


OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Raportointivuosi: 2022

Alustava JUFO-taso: 2


Viimeisin päivitys 2022-20-09 klo 15:13