A1 Journal article (refereed)
Gender bias and gender equality beliefs in teaching efficacy profiles of Finnish physical education teachers (2022)

Gråstén, A., Kokkonen, J., & Kokkonen, M. (2022). Gender bias and gender equality beliefs in teaching efficacy profiles of Finnish physical education teachers. Teachers and Teaching : Theory and Practice, 28(2), 246-262. https://doi.org/10.1080/13540602.2022.2062714

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsGråstén, Arto; Kokkonen, Juha; Kokkonen, Marja

Journal or seriesTeachers and Teaching : Theory and Practice



Publication year2022

Publication date11/04/2022


Issue number2

Pages range246-262


Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83941


Homogeneous teaching efficacy profiles of in-service physical education (PE) teachers (N = 175) from a variety of educational institutions, elementary to higher education, were examined. In addition, associated gender bias and equality beliefs in PE were investigated. Three profiles (Low, Intermediate, High) were identified using cross-sectional data collected via an anonymous online survey. The PE teachers with the highest teaching efficacy reported the highest higher gender equality beliefs. In the low efficacy profile, females and PE teachers with a master’s degree scored higher on gender equality beliefs than males or teachers with other tertiary education, and longer compared to shorter teaching experience was associated with higher gender bias. In the intermediate and high teaching efficacy profiles, males reported higher gender bias beliefs than females, whereas longer service was associated with lower gender equality beliefs only in the high teaching efficacy profile. Teacher education may be the most effective channel to tackle gender bias beliefs in PE classes, which should be free from all types of discrimination.

Keywordsphysical education (school subject)teachersphysical education teachersgendergender differencesmenwomenattitudesconceptionsself-efficacyequality (values)non-discriminationteacher training

Free keywordsschool; anti-discrimination; integrity; equity; latent class analysis

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 22:26