A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Learning Outcomes in HMD-VR : a Literature Review (2022)

Lähtevänoja, A., Vesisenaho, M., Vasalampi, K., Holopainen, J., & Häkkinen, P. (2022). Learning Outcomes in HMD-VR : a Literature Review. Seminar.net, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.7577/seminar.4692

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsLähtevänoja, Antti; Vesisenaho, Mikko; Vasalampi, Kati; Holopainen, Jani; Häkkinen, Päivi

Journal or seriesSeminar.net


Publication year2022

Publication date01/07/2022


Issue number1

PublisherOsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University

Publication countryNorway

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/82731


While the educational technology has developed to the point that Extended Reality (XR), including immersive Virtual Reality (VR) can be used in education, the learning outcomes of these technologies in the large scale is still quite unknown. This literature review aims to take a comprehensive look to the field of immersive VR in to find out where the learning outcomes of HMD-VR stands out, and how they compare to other technologies and methods. The main result of this paper is that while HMD-based Virtual Reality Learning Environments (VRLEs) may not be superior compared to other technologies such as desktop-based VR environments regarding direct learning outcomes, a clear indication towards increased learning motivation and engagement can be seen.

Keywordslearninglearning resultstechnologyeducational technologyeducational technologylearning environmentvirtual realityaugmented realitycommitting oneselfmotivation (mental objects)objectivesliterature surveys

Free keywordsvirtual reality; learning outcomes; learning; learning motivation; learning engagement; HMD; head-mounted-displays; immersive

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 17:16