A1 Journal article (refereed)
ADHD symptoms and maladaptive achievement strategies : the reciprocal prediction of academic performance beyond the transition to middle school (2023)


Palmu, I., Määttä, S. J., Närhi, V. M., & Savolainen, H. K. (2023). ADHD symptoms and maladaptive achievement strategies : the reciprocal prediction of academic performance beyond the transition to middle school. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 28(1), 3-17. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632752.2023.2189404


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsPalmu, Iines; Määttä, Sami J.; Närhi, Vesa M.; Savolainen, Hannu K.

Journal or seriesEmotional and Behavioural Difficulties

ISSN1363-2752

eISSN1741-2692

Publication year2023

Publication date15/03/2023

Volume28

Issue number1

Pages range3-17

PublisherRoutledge

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1080/13632752.2023.2189404

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/86963


Abstract

This longitudinal study examined how two externalising behaviour problems, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CDs), are associated over time with low motivation (MAS), and how these problems effect academic performance. In our cross-lagged analysis, we found reciprocal effects between ADHD symptoms and MAS between Grades 5 and 6. Both domains also negatively predicted later academic performance. With CDs and MAS, no cross-lagged effects were found, although both were correlated and very stable over time, and negatively predicted later academic performance. These different kinds of externalising problem behaviours seem to differ in the way in which they interact with students’ MAS and academic performance in the long term. Students with ADHD symptoms are likely to be more vulnerable to negative learning experiences and the development of MAS than students with CDs.


KeywordsADHDbehaviour disordersproblem behaviourattentionperformance (capacity)motivation (mental objects)

Free keywordsADHD; conduct disorders; maladaptive achievement strategies; academic performance


Contributing organizations


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

Preliminary JUFO rating1


Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 18:46