A1 Journal article (refereed)
Association of Sit-to-Stand Capacity and Free-Living Performance Using Thigh-Worn Accelerometers among 60- to 90-Yr-Old Adults (2023)

Löppönen, A., Delecluse, C., Suorsa, K., Karavirta, L., Leskinen, T., Meulemans, L., Portegijs, E., Finni, T., Rantanen, T., Stenholm, S., Rantalainen, T., & Van Roie, E. (2023). Association of Sit-to-Stand Capacity and Free-Living Performance Using Thigh-Worn Accelerometers among 60- to 90-Yr-Old Adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 55(9), 1525-1532. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000003178

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsLöppönen, Antti; Delecluse, Christophe; Suorsa, Kristin; Karavirta, Laura; Leskinen, Tuija; Meulemans, Lien; Portegijs, Erja; Finni, Taija; Rantanen, Taina; Stenholm, Sari; et al.

Journal or seriesMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise



Publication year2023

Publication date03/04/2023


Issue number9

Pages range1525-1532

PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/89101


Five times sit-to-stand (STS) test is commonly used as a clinical assessment of lower-extremity functional ability, but its association with free-living performance has not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the association between laboratory-based STS capacity and free-living STS performance using accelerometry. The results were stratified according to age and functional ability groups.

This cross-sectional study included 497 (63% women) participants aged 60–90 years from three independent studies. A thigh-worn tri-axial accelerometer was used to estimate angular velocity in maximal laboratory-based STS capacity and in free-living STS transitions over 3-7 days of continuous monitoring. Functional ability was assessed with Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB).

Laboratory-based STS capacity was moderately associated with the free-living mean and maximal STS performance (r = 0.52 - 0.65, p < .01). Angular velocity was lower in older compared to younger and in low- versus high-functioning groups, both in capacity and free-living STS variables (all p < .05). Overall, angular velocity was higher in capacity compared to free-living STS performance. The STS reserve (test capacity – free-living maximal performance) was larger in younger and in high-functioning compared to older and low-functioning groups (all p < .05).

Laboratory-based STS capacity and free-living performance were found to be associated. However, capacity and performance are not interchangeable, but rather provide complementary information. Older and low-functioning individuals seemed to perform free-living STS movements at a higher percentage of their maximal capacity compared to younger and high-functioning individuals. Therefore, we postulate that low capacity may limit free-living performance.

Keywordsolder peoplephysical fitnessmuscle fitnessperformance (capacity)functional capacitycross-sectional research

Free keywordsaccelerometer, laboratory assessment, older adults, chair rise, free-living, functional ability

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

JUFO rating3

Last updated on 2024-15-05 at 13:11