A1 Journal article (refereed)
Physical Behavior Profiles Among Older Adults and Their Associations With Physical Capacity and Life-Space Mobility (2024)

Palmberg, L., Löppönen, A., Hyvärinen, M., Portegijs, E., Rantanen, T., Rantalainen, T., & Karavirta, L. (2024). Physical Behavior Profiles Among Older Adults and Their Associations With Physical Capacity and Life-Space Mobility. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, Ahead of Print. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2023-0225

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsPalmberg, Lotta; Löppönen, Antti; Hyvärinen, Matti; Portegijs, Erja; Rantanen, Taina; Rantalainen, Timo; Karavirta, Laura

Journal or seriesJournal of Aging and Physical Activity



Publication year2024

Publication date16/02/2024

VolumeAhead of Print

PublisherHuman Kinetics

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/94038


We identified data-driven multidimensional physical activity (PA) profiles using several novel accelerometer-derived metrics. Participants aged 75, 80, and 85 (n = 441) wore triaxial accelerometers for 3–7 days. PA profiles were formed with k-means cluster analysis based on PA minutes, intensity, fragmentation, sit-to-stand transitions, and gait bouts for men and women. Associations with physical capacity and life-space mobility were examined using age-adjusted general linear models. Three profiles emerged: “Exercisers” and “actives” accumulated relatively high PA minutes, with actives engaging in lighter intensity PA. “Inactives” had the highest activity fragmentation and lowest PA volume, intensity, and gait bouts. Inactives showed lower scores in physical capacity and life-space mobility compared with exercisers and actives. Exercisers and actives had similar physical capacity and life-space mobility, except female exercisers had higher walking speed in the 6-min walk test. Our findings demonstrate the importance of assessing PA as multidimensional behavior rather than focusing on a single metric.

Keywordsphysical functioningphysical activityphysical trainingolder peoplerisk factorsperformance (capacity)measurementcapacitycluster analysis

Free keywordsphysical function; cluster analysis; multidimensional physical activity

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Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2024

Preliminary JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-13-05 at 18:06