A1 Journal article (refereed)
The impact of children’s socioemotional development on parenting styles : the moderating effect of social withdrawal (2022)

Zarra-Nezhad, M., Viljaranta, J., Sajaniemi, N., Aunola, K., & Lerkkanen, M.-K. (2022). The impact of children’s socioemotional development on parenting styles : the moderating effect of social withdrawal. Early Child Development and Care, 192(7), 1032-1044. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2020.1835879

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsZarra-Nezhad, Maryam; Viljaranta, Jaana; Sajaniemi, Nina; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina

Journal or seriesEarly Child Development and Care



Publication year2022

Publication date21/10/2020


Issue number7

Pages range1032-1044

PublisherTaylor & Francis

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/72319


This study focused on associations between children’s socioemotional development (prosocial behaviour, internalizing and externalizing problems) and parenting styles (affection, behavioural control, and psychological control), and the moderating role of children’s social withdrawal (as a temperamental characteristic) in these associations. Children’s socioemotional development (n = 314) were rated by teachers at three-time points (grades 1–3). Parents completed questionnaires measuring their parenting styles at the same three-time points. The level of social withdrawal was obtained at the end of kindergarten from teachers’ reports. Panel analysis showed that prosocial behaviour was associated with a higher level of affection, while externalizing problems were associated with a higher level of behavioural control. Among children with a high level of social withdrawal, prosocial behaviour predicted high maternal psychological control, while internalizing problems predicted high paternal psychological control. However, among children with a low level of social withdrawal, socioemotional development had no impact on parenting styles.

Keywordsparentsparenthoodchildren (age groups)social behaviourprosocialitysocio-emotional skillssocial developmentinteractionaffection (attachment)controlwithdrawal (psychological)

Free keywordsprosocial behaviour; internalizing problems; externalizing problems; parenting styles; social withdrawal

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 00:46