A1 Journal article (refereed)
The impact of children’s socioemotional development on parenting styles : the moderating effect of social withdrawal (2022)

Zarra-Nezhad, M., Viljaranta, J., Sajaniemi, N., Aunola, K., & Lerkkanen, M.-K. (2022). The impact of children’s socioemotional development on parenting styles : the moderating effect of social withdrawal. Early Child Development and Care, 192(7), 1032-1044. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2020.1835879

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Zarra-Nezhad, Maryam; Viljaranta, Jaana; Sajaniemi, Nina; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina

Journal or series: Early Child Development and Care

ISSN: 0300-4430

eISSN: 1476-8275

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 21/10/2020

Volume: 192

Issue number: 7

Pages range: 1032-1044

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2020.1835879

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/72319


This study focused on associations between children’s socioemotional development (prosocial behaviour, internalizing and externalizing problems) and parenting styles (affection, behavioural control, and psychological control), and the moderating role of children’s social withdrawal (as a temperamental characteristic) in these associations. Children’s socioemotional development (n = 314) were rated by teachers at three-time points (grades 1–3). Parents completed questionnaires measuring their parenting styles at the same three-time points. The level of social withdrawal was obtained at the end of kindergarten from teachers’ reports. Panel analysis showed that prosocial behaviour was associated with a higher level of affection, while externalizing problems were associated with a higher level of behavioural control. Among children with a high level of social withdrawal, prosocial behaviour predicted high maternal psychological control, while internalizing problems predicted high paternal psychological control. However, among children with a low level of social withdrawal, socioemotional development had no impact on parenting styles.

Keywords: parents; parenthood; children (age groups); social behaviour; prosociality; socio-emotional skills; social development; interaction; affection (attachment); control; withdrawal (psychological)

Free keywords: prosocial behaviour; internalizing problems; externalizing problems; parenting styles; social withdrawal

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:44